Mudra and Bandha

Knowing Mudra and Bandha


Mudra is a Sanskrit word which means gesture or attitude. Establishment of a strong and exceptional spirit patterns which are homogeneous to electric circuits for creating a particular position of the hands and the body is a Mudra.

Mudra can be portrayed as a physical, emotional, devotional and aesthetic gestures or attitudes. The amalgamation of tenuous physical movements which are modifies mood, attitude and realization which intensify awareness and concentration. The involvement of Mudra in fusion of asana, pranayama, bandha and in the visualization expertise in the whole body. The establishment of Mudras are done only after dexterity has been obtained in asana, pranayama and bandha and entire obstruction have been cleared. A complicated method of hand positions is a noteworthy dance form in Indian culture. These hand positions are known as Hasta Mudras which are targeted directly to brain and nervous systems. There are special Mudras which help to aid in augmentation of consciousness in meditation. Pranas are influenced by Mudras. Through the practice of mudra the energy is redirected within the body. Scientifically, mudras ingress and manipulates the unconscious reflexes that originates primitive areas of the brain. Establishment of precise and non intellectual connection takes place.

Groups of Mudras

Following are the classification of Yoga Mudras:


Hasta (Hand Mudra)

Meditative mudras are hand mudras. Redirection of the pranas takes place by the hands back in to the body. Conscious awareness of this process rapidly leads to internalization. Following are the methods in Hasta mudras:

  • Jnana mudra
  • Chin mudra
  • Yoni mudra
  • Bhairava mudra
  • Hridaya mudra


Mana (Head Mudra)

Practice of this form of mudras forms an essential part of kundalini yoga and many other meditation methods. They employ eyes, ears, nose, tongue and lips. Following are the methods in

  • Shambhavi mudra
  • Nasikagra drishti
  • Khechari mudra
  • Kaki mudra
  • Bhujangini mudra
  • Bhoochari mudra
  • Akashi mudra
  • Shanmukhi mudra
  • Unmani mudra


Kaya (Postural Mudra)

Union of breathing and concentration with utilization of physical postures. Following are the methods in Kaya mudras:

  • Prana mudra
  • Vipareeta karani mudra
  • Yoga mudra
  • Pashinee mudra
  • Manduki mudra
  • Tadagi mudra


Bandha (Lock Mudra)

Amalgamation of mudra and bandha are included in this mudra practice. System is charged with prana and hence prepared for the awakening of Kundalini. Following are the methods in Bandha mudras:

  • Maha mudra
  • Maha bheda mudra
  • Maha vedha mudra


Adhara (Perineal Mudras)

Deflection of prana from the lower centres to the brain takes place in this type of mudras. Sublimation of sexual energy is of main concern of this mudra type. Following are the methods in Adhara mudras:

  • Ashwini mudra
  • Vajroli/sahajoli mudra.


Performances of these Mudras are either in combination with or after asanas and pranayamas.



Customarily Bandhas are considered as a part of Mudra. The Hatha Yoga Pradipika deals with bandhas and mudras together and the ancient tantric texts also make no distinction between the two. Bandhas are extensively incorporated in mudra as well as pranayama techniques. Their locking action, however, reveals them as a fundamentally important group of practices in their own right. Bandha is a Sanskrit word which means to ‘hold’, ‘tighten’ or ‘lock’. The physical action involved in the bandha practices and their effect on the pranic body is mentioned. A bandha is a method used in Hatha yoga and closely related to the practice of asanas and exercises. An individual attention must be given to the practitioner in order to teach the bandhas which is a very effective aid. The use of breath control is also used sometimes which requires Inhalation, Exhalation and even a suspension of breath. Following are the classification in Bandhas:


Jalandhara bandha

The Jalandhara bandha helps to flush out assembled wastes through enhanced circulation of these areas. This bandha is depicted to clear off the bridge between the energies of the body and brain.


Moola bandha

The Moola bandha is practiced in order to increase ones energy levels for expression through daily work in expansion of higher consciousness.


Uddiyana bandha

The Uddiyana bandha is practiced to promote youth and vibrancy. It is considered of great importance in the practice of kundalini yoga.


Maha Bandha

Maha bandha is also known as Bandha Treya. It is the combination of all the other three bandhas which helps in durability and restoration of energy.


Mainly there are three main bandhas in addition one more is Mahabandha which is actually a combination of all the other three bandhas. The approach is to use muscular contractions to seal off certain energy flows and thus to motivate others. The three locks are related to the base of the spine, the dorsal or solar plexus region, and the throat. Maintenance of health and well being is carried out with the regular practice of bandhas along with other physical disciplines. A bandha can also be deliberately practiced in order to cure or to relieve particular symptom of disease. They are radically helpful in reducing tension and stress, muscular strain, functional problems and nervous irregularities. They dominantly also expedite in balancing the glandular system.

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